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汽车Maintenance & Care

Road Trip Checklist - Part 4: Lights, Filters, and Miscellaneous Equipment

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Now that we have most of the critical safety items inspected, let's wrap up with a series of quick checks before hitting the road.

We're now in the final stretch of our checklist to make sure your vehicle is in good shape for a much-needed road trip!

这是我们的道路旅行清单系列的第4部分。如果你错过了他们,第1部分回顾轮胎和第2部分details how to inspect the brakes and battery.第3部分超越重要的车辆。

车辆上的灯具为多种功能提供服务:它们对于黑暗环境中的可见性来说,它们也是一种批判性方式,可以与路上其他驾驶者沟通。一个不起作用的光明或两个可能看起来不是很大的事,但它可以变成潜在的责任。此外,除非您喜欢与本地公路巡逻或国家士兵的临近路边聊天,否则吹制灯是一种简单的方法,可以在您的旅行中放置阻尼器。在打开之前,请花几分钟即可确保您车辆上的所有灯都正常运行。

First, position your vehicle head-first approximately 5 feet in front of a flat wall. Switch on all the exterior lights fitted to your vehicle. Flip the headlight switch to the "on" position and turn on the hazard lights. Alternatively, you can also move the turn signal stalk to indicate left or right - since we'll be making multiple tours around the vehicle, you'll have a chance to check the other side later.

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  • 检查头灯和前线标记

Starting at the front of the vehicle, make sure both headlights are working and are free of any obstructions. Many vehicles also include front marker lights that are integrated into the headlight clusters - these are typically white or amber in color. Check the front turn signals (or whichever side you switched on using the turn signal stalk) for proper illumination. Note any bulb that isn't lighting up so you can replace them later.

接下来,转身看,看看车头灯如何突出墙壁。我们正在寻找的是适当的对齐,并且在它超出规格时,它很容易发现。两个光束都应该恰好创造一个平坦的水平线;如果它们指向天空或地面,则前灯旨在不正确,需要调整。幸运的是,先进的汽车零件有一个易于遵循的底漆如何调整大灯对齐。用不正确的灯光驾驶可能是危险的(以及在许多情况下是非法的)到您的方式和其他司机在路上,所以这绝对是你想要尽快纠正的东西。

  • 检查侧标记并转动信号中继器

移动到车辆的一侧,快速瞥一眼任何暗灯泡的前后区域。所有在美国销售的车辆都需要从工厂携带前侧标记灯;除非您通过改变或删除它们来个性化您的车辆,否则验证侧标灯泡是否亮起。许多较新的车辆还包括镜子外壳或前挡泥板上的转向信号中继器;吹灯泡在这里会导致可怕的“快速眨眼”,当有转弯信号故障时发生。

公路旅行Taillights.jpeg

  • Check tail lights

The rear lights of a vehicle are the most complex, and it's very easy to miss an inoperative bulb here. Start with the tail lights; if the headlights are on, the tail lights should be as well. Here's where it gets tricky - the rear turn signal can either be on its own circuit or share the same bulb as the taillights/brake lights. It's pretty straightforward if it's the former, since the blinking turn signal can be seen switching on and off as normal. If it's the latter, the taillights will switch on and off in coordination with the turn signal.

最常见的灯光之一是车牌上方的小灯泡。大多数国家都有要求后牌照被外部源照射的法律;这种看似微不足道的要求导致无数的交通停止超过2个灯泡。

  • Check high beams

The following checks are best done with another person to assist, as it's not really possible to view the exterior of the vehicle when you're sitting in it. Technically, it can be done by using a brick to weigh down the brake pedal, but that's not exactly the safest way to go about things. Have your assistant sit in the driver's seat and hold the brake pedal. Turn off the hazard lights, then switch on the high beams. Moving to the front of the vehicle, check the headlights to make sure the high beams are nice and bright. These are aimed much higher than the standard headlights and are used to throw light much further down the road; consequently, they can and will blind other drivers if they're not switched off.

  • Check brake lights

We'll check for a few more lights on the rear of the vehicle. As before, this part can get complicated depending on how your vehicle's tail lights are wired. All vehicles sold in the US starting with the 1986 model year require three brake lights - one each on the left and right side of the vehicle, along with a center high mount stop lamp (CHMSL, also popularly referred to as a "third brake light") located above the other two. Since your assistant is holding the brake pedal, all three should be illuminated. Make sure all of the brake lights are unobstructed (i.e. no stickers covering the housing) and readily visible from behind. Some vehicles are equipped with a "dual filament" type bulb, meaning a single bulb carries separate circuits for the tail lights. It's possible for one of the filaments to fail while the other continues to function. In this case, it will look like one of the brake lights is dimmer than the rest; alternatively, the tail light will be dark but the brake light will switch on as normal. If this is the case, the bulb needs to be replaced.

  • Check reverse lights

最后,请您的助手将车辆转移到反向(用制动踏板牢牢握住)以观察逆光。这些始终是白色的,并且只有当传输转移到反向时,才会亮起,尽管某些通用汽车倾向于将这些灯用作“礼貌”的照明特征。大多数车辆都有两个倒灯,但少数车辆只有一个。

过滤器

虽然车辆中的过滤器不会随着我们所覆盖的其他项目携带任何安全影响,但无论如何都要检查它们是很好的。发动机空气过滤器(通常称为“空气净化器”)停止污垢和灰尘颗粒进入发动机,而机舱空气过滤器(有时被一些制造商称为“花粉过滤器”)清洁进入车辆的空气更好的空气质量。

公路旅行引擎空气过滤器.jpeg

  • 检查发动机空气过滤器

发动机空气过滤器位于发动机舱内,通常在塑料(或旧车辆中的金属)盒内。一些车辆将空气过滤器集成到发动机盖中,但这种配置并不像常见。过滤器箱可以通过松开一组闩锁或移除一些螺钉,并且滤波器本身应立即抬起。如果它充满了污垢,请尽快更换。你可以始终在捏,但它是最好的更换整个过滤器

在重新组装过滤器盒时,请在更换闩锁或螺钉之前进行额外的注意到所有密封件。盖子应该立即插入;如果很难关闭,那就不仅仅是正确排队。一个不正确的过滤器盒将允许空气绕过过滤器并直接进入发动机,可能导致发动机损坏。

  • 检查客舱过滤器

This filter is typically located behind the glove compartment or underneath the dashboard on the passenger side. On some vehicles, you may need to remove the glove compartment door or an interior panel to gain access to the filter. If you haven't replaced this filter in a while, brace yourself! It's incredible how much junk gets caught on this filter over time: leaves, twigs, dead bugs, dirt, etc.

如果看起来很干净,请将过滤器放回来重新组装门/面板。如果它脏了,你可能想在击中道路之前更换它。虽然这并不重要,但请记住,您和您的乘客将呼吸通过的空气机舱空气过滤器

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刮水器

这是轻松 - 只需激活挡风玻璃洗衣机喷气机并在通过弧形时观察刮水器。如果他们离开挡风玻璃清晰,他们就会正常工作。如果它们留下条纹,跳过挡风玻璃的部分或喋喋不休,replace them

Note: If you've just detailed your vehicle, try usingdistilled water代替垫圈的液体以避免污渍和斑点。

即使您没有计划遇到任何雨,也会在不可避免的错误泼溅物和道路污垢最终在挡风玻璃上提高可见性的一对正确运作的刮水器。

地图

如果我们有智能手机和GPS设备,可以帮助我们导航,旧式的需要有什么需要的亚博体育苹果版怎么下载纸质地图?考虑一下:手机招待会可以各不相同,尤其是在这个国家的农村地区。同样,如果您驾驶到隧道或带有厚树盖的区域,GPS可以丢失信号。地图是地图,并将尽可能可靠。

需要一些细节的东西?试试吧road atlasinstead!

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